State Two Agreements Through Which Federation Have Been Formed

Those who use the word “F” as uncomfortable in the EU context should feel free to call it a quasi-federal or federal system. However, for the purposes of the analysis, the EU has the necessary attributes of a federal system. It is striking that, although many EU scientists continue to refuse to analyse them as a federation, most contemporary students of federalism regard the EU as a federal system. (see z.B. Bednar, Filippov et al., McKay, Kelemen, Defigueido and Weingast) Several colonies and reigns in the New World consisted of autonomous provinces transformed after independence into states such as the United States and various Latin American countries (see Spanish-American wars of independence). Some of the new world federations have failed; The Federal Republic of Central America collapsed into independent states less than 20 years after its creation. Others, such as Argentina and Mexico, moved between federal, Confederate and unified systems before engaging in federalism. Brazil did not become a federation until after the fall of the monarchy, and Venezuela became a federation after the federal war. Australia and Canada are also federations. It is often part of the philosophy of a unity state that, regardless of the actual status of one of its parties, its entire territory constitutes a single sovereign entity or a nation-state[necessary quotation] and thus exercises sovereignty over the whole territory as a right. On the other hand, in a federation, sovereignty is often considered to be divided in the states that make up or between those states and the central government. [Citation required] The relationship between Crown`s isleas of Man dependencies and the bailiwicks of Guernsey and Jersey, in the Channel Islands and the United Kingdom, is very similar to a federal relationship: the islands enjoy the independence of the United Kingdom, which deals with their external relations and defence through The Crown – although the British Parliament has the power to legislate on dependencies. However, these islands are not part of the United Kingdom and are not considered independent or associated states.

The islands do not have a monarch per se; rather on the Isle of Man is the British monarch, officially, lord of man, and in the bailiwicks of Guernsey and jersey reigns the British monarch as Duke of Normandy. It is often argued that the states where the central government has superior powers are not really federal states. These superior powers include, for example, the constitutional power to suspend the government of a constituent state by invoking serious mismanagement or civil unrest, or to adopt national legislation that nullifyed or violated the powers of constituent states by invoking the constitutional authority of the central government to ensure peace and good government or to fulfil the obligations agreed under an international treaty.