The most important elements of the draft agreement are:  On the part of the European Union, the European Parliament also gave its approval to the ratification of the agreement on 29 January 2020 and the Council of the European Union approved the conclusion of the agreement by e-mail on 30 January 2020.  That is why, on 30 January 2020, the European Union also tabled its instrument for ratification of the agreement, concluding the agreement and allowing it to enter into force on the date of the UK`s withdrawal from the EU on 31 January 2020, at 11 .m GMT. At a hastily arranged meeting in London on Thursday, European Commission Vice-President Maroéfcovic told cabinet minister Michael Gove that the EU expects the letter and spirit of the withdrawal agreement and protocol on Northern Ireland to be fully respected. As co-chairs of the Joint Committee on the Implementation of the Agreement, the two members met, with which representatives of the executive and ambassadors from the 27 Member States of Northern Ireland became a video link. The withdrawal agreement also contains provisions for the United Kingdom to leave the Convention setting the status of European schools, with the United Kingdom bound by the Convention and accompanying regulations on accredited European schools until the end of the last academic year of the transition period, i.e. at the end of the spring semester 2020-2021.  U.S. Senator George Mitchell, who led the belfast agreement negotiations, said he believed the creation of a border control system between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland could jeopardize the agreement.  Surveys published on 18 February 2019 by Irish Senator Mark Daly and two UNESCO Presidents indicated that the reintroduction of a hard border would lead to the return of violence.     The withdrawal agreement provides for a transitional period until 31 December 2020 during which the United Kingdom will remain in the internal market to ensure the flow of trade until a long-term relationship is concluded. If no agreement is reached by then, the UK will leave the single market without a trade deal on 1 January 2021.
The withdrawal agreement is closely linked to a non-binding political declaration on future relations between the EU and the UK. After an unprecedented vote on 4 December 2018, MEPs ruled that the UK government was not respecting Parliament because it refused to give Parliament full legal advice on the consequences of its proposed withdrawal terms.  The focus of the consultation was on the legal effect of the “backstop” agreement for Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland and the rest of the United Kingdom with regard to the CUSTOMS border between the EU and the United Kingdom and its impact on the Good Friday agreement that led to the end of the unrest in Northern Ireland, including whether , according to the proposals, the UK would be certain that it would be able to leave the EU in a practical sense.